The borders of the Republic of Bulgaria contain some of the most unique and vulnerable cultural resources in Europe. In addition to the numerous Neolithic, Chalcolithic and Bronze Age settlement mounds of the Hamangia, Vinca, Varna and Ezero cultures, there are significant remains of Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine urban centers. Perhaps most notable among Bulgarian antiquities are the remains of the Thracians, a powerful warrior kingdom conquered only by Alexander the Great and the Roman Empire. The best known Thracian remains in Bulgaria are tombs and burial mounds which contain stunning gold and silver work.
Bulgaria’s archaeological heritage is significant and at the early stages of investigation. Over the past two decades, since the fall of the Iron Curtain, large scale, well published archaeological work has resumed in Bulgaria. What has been revealed thus far is the deep importance of this region both in the development of the Balkan Peninsula in the prehistoric period, and in its location at the periphery of the dynamic and multi-cultural Hellenistic and Roman spheres.